The rich archaeological remains that are located in several sites of the municipality show that the first settlements date back to prehistoric times. The burials in the caves of Son Reus and the Pont den Cabrera site belong to the Pretalaiotic period (before 1400 BCE), while the Sa Serra-Punxuat fortified settlement and the “Talaiots” of sa Casa Nova de Pina and son Coll, among many others, are remains from the Talaiotic period (1400 – 123 BCE).

Under the Arab rule, the territory occupied by the municipality of Algaida was part of a larger administrative region under the name of “Juz’ de Muntuy”. It included the municipalities of Algaida, Campos, Llucmajor, Montuïri, Santanyí and ses Salines. The Muslim population did not live in large centres of population, as we know them today. They settled around farms called “alqueria” or “rafal” which were built on the most fertile land or near water sources. These settlements would later grow into the towns of Randa, Pina and Algaida. The Arabs built an array of hydraulic structures to collect water. Clear examples of this are the many wells, tanks and “qanawats” in the area. The qanawat of son Reus in Randa is among the most outstanding structures of its kind. It extends 299.8 metres underground and is the longest in Mallorca.

As a result of the Catalan conquest in 1229, the lands of the municipality of Algaida were given to the King and were distributed among the men of King Jaume I. Some areas were awarded to Prince Pere de Portugal –part of the “alqueria” of Punxuat- and to the Templars –Randa Mountain and the alqueria of Rufassa. Just after the conquest the new Christian settlers built the church of Castellitx –first written evidence found in 1249-, which became one of the first resettlement churches. During the Middle Ages, Castellitx must have been a very important place. The old roads connecting the Pla and Llevant areas passed by the church and until the 15th century Castellitx was the name of present-day Algaida.  

At the end of the 13th century, the population, which was previously dispersed over a large area, started to gather together around the large farms. The alqueria of Algaida became the main centre of population and Pina and Randa, among others, became secondary settlements. In the 14th century the settlement of Algaida consolidated even though Castellitx was still the religious centre until approximately 1410, when the ownership was transferred to the Church of Algaida. 

At the end of the 16th century Algaida contained 1,500 inhabitants. A period of turbulence affecting the whole island of Mallorca ensued: the Plague, periods of starvation and drought cycles. Despite the hardship the population grew throughout the 17th and 18th centuries reaching a maximum of 4,000 inhabitants in the 20th century. During these past centuries the Parish Church of Algaida was built in several stages.

The most radical transformation of all aspects of the municipality occurred during the 19th and 20th centuries. The main events that took place during these centuries include the building of the vicarages of Pina and Randa and the foundation of the Franciscan order of the “Filles de la Misericòrdia” in Pina in 1856; the construction of the new church in Pina in 1858; the foundation of the Convent of the Augustinian nuns of “l’Empar” in Algaida in 1878; the foundation of the order of the Missioners dels Sagrats Cors de Jesús i Maria in the Chapel of Sant Honorat in 1890; the foundation of the Algaida band in 1892; the building of the town schools and slaughterhouse, the development of the top part of carrer des Cavllers and the construction of the town library in 1932; the building of the Civil Guard station, the town theatre and the parish theatre in 1935; the establishment of the Castellitx literary awards in 1968; the foundation of the CE Algaida and the building of es Porassar football pitch in 1971; the recovery of the “Cossiers” by the local delegation of the Obra Cultural Balear in 1972; the launch of the magazine Es Saig in 1980, the establishment of Titoieta Ràdio station in 1987 and the construction of Casal Pere Capellà in 1995; etc.   

 
 
  • Solidaritat amb els refugiats
  • Guia Urbana del Terme Municipal d'Algaida
  • Any Llull
  • Premis Castellitx (2016)
  • Visualitzador urbanístic
  • Oferta d'ocupació pública
  • Certificats de viatge
  • Oficina virtual
  • Inversions municipals
  • Documentació
  • El temps
  • Col·lecció binària
  • Borsa feina M Pla
  • Comerç-empresa Algaida
Destacam
  • PAES
  • Pagament Fraccionat
  • Gent Gran d'Algaida, Pina i Randa
  • Arxiu d'imatge i so
  • atib
  • Fons de Solidaritat